硅藻术语 · 英中拉三语对照

Glossary of Diatom Terminology and Diagnoses

本文节选自 Ross et al. (1979) An Amended Terminology for the Siliceous Components of the Diatom Cell. Nova Hedwigia • Beiheft 64. 该文是硅藻学者对硅藻形态学术语制定的国际通用规则。

英文 中文 拉丁文(单数) 拉丁文(复数) 词性
alar canal 翼状管 canalis alaris canales alares m
alveolus 蜂孔,长室孔 alveolus alveoli m
aperture 口区,萌发孔 apertura aperturae f
aperture 口区,萌发孔 apertura aperturae f
apical axis 切顶轴 axis apicalis axes apicales m
apical plane 顶轴面(纵对称面) planities apicalis planities apicales f
areola 跟纹,粗网纹 areola areolae f
areolate pseudonodulus 斑假节 pseudonodulus areolatus pseudonoduli areolati m
auxospore 复大孢子 auxospore auxosporae f
axial area 中轴区 area axialis areae axiales f
axial costa 轴肋 costa axialis costae axiales f
band taenia taeniae f
basal siliceous layer 基础硅质层 stratum silicium basale strata silicia basalia n
bilabiate process 双唇状突 rimoportula bilabiata rimoportulae bilabiatae f
branch of the raphe 壳缝分支 ramus raphia rami raphia m m
bullula 泡状空隙 bullula bullulae f
canopy conopeum conopea n
cell wall 细胞壁 paries cellulae parietes cellulae m
central area 中央区,凹入部 area centralis areae centrales f
central fissure 中央孔,中央裂缝 fissura centralis fissurae centrales f
central nodule 中央节 nodulus centralis noduli centrales m
central pore 中央孔 porus centralis pori centrales m
cingulum 腰带 cingulum cingula n
coating membrane 被膜 membrana tegens membranae tegentes f
collar collare collaria n
connecting band 连接带 pleura pleurae f
convergent 会合的 convergens convergens
costa costa costae f
craticula 支极 craticula craticulae f
crest 冠状肋 crista cristae f
cribrum 筛板,棘区 cribrum cribra n
cuniculus 下通道 cuniculus cuniculi m
elevation 褶皱,隆起 elevatio elevationes f
endogenous resting spore 内生休眠孢子 endocyst endogen endocystae endogenae f
epicingulum 上壳环 epicingulum epicingula n
epitheca 上壳 epitheca epithecae f
epivalve 上壳面 epivalva epivalvae f
exogenous resting spore 外生休眠孢子 endocyst exogen endocystae exogenae f
external 中央裂隙 externus externus
fascia 筋膜 fascia fasciae f
fasciculate 簇生的,丛生的 fasciculatus fasciculatus
fenestra 透明斑,窗孔 fenestra fenestrae f
fenestral bar 小窗条 barra fenestralis barrae fenestrales f
fibula 小等刺硅鞭藻 fibula fibulae f
fissure 孔,裂缝 fissura fissurae f
fold 折叠,内褶 ruga rugae f
foramen 壳顶孔 foramen foramina n
free auxospore 自由复大孢子 auxospore libera auxosporae liberae f
frustule 硅藻外壳 frustulum frustula n
girdle 壳环带 cinctura cincturae f
granule 颗粒体 granulum granula n
helictoglossa 喇叭舌 helictoglossa helictoglossae f
horn cornu cornua n
horseshoe-shaped area 马蹄形区 area hippocrepica areae hippocrepicae f
hyaline area 透明区域 area hyalina areae hyalinae f
hypocaust 基层隙,网室,蜂房状室 hypocaustum hypocausta n
hypocingulum 下壳环 hypocingulum hypocingula n
hypotheca 下壳 hypotheca hypothecae f
hypovalve 下壳面 hypovalva hypovalvae f
infundibulum (垂)漏斗 infundibulum infundibula n
initial cell 原始细胞 cellula prima cellulae primae f
inner fissure 内壳缝,内沟 fissura interior fissurae interies f
intercalary auxospore 间插复大孢子 auxospora intercalaris auxosporae intercalares f
intercalary band 间带,间插带(硅) copula copulae f
internal 中央裂隙 Internus Internus
Interspacc 间隙 interspatium interspatia f
interstria 间壳纹 interstria interstriae f
keel 龙骨(突) carina carinae f
labiate process 唇突 rimoportula rimoportulae f
lateral area 侧区 area lateralis areae laterales f
lateral auxospore 侧生复大孢子 auxospore lateralis auxosporae laterales f
linking spine 联结刺 spina ligans spinae ligantes f
loculate areola 小室孔纹 areola loculata areolae loculatae f
longitudinal canal 纵向管 canalis longitudinalis canales longitudinales m
luminate pseudonodulus 开假节 pseudonodulus luminatus pseudonoduli luminati m
mantle 壳套 limbus limbus
marginal ridge 边缘棱脊 crista marginalis cristae marginales f
nodule nodulus noduli m
oblique 倾斜的 obliquus obliquus
occluded process 闭突 processus occlusus processus occlusi m
ocellus 感光小器,眼点 ocellus ocelli m
operculate pseudonodulus 盖假节 pscudonodulus operculatus pscudonoduli operculati m
operculum 囊盖,口盖 operculum opercula n
otarium 翼形肋 otarium otaria n
outer fissure 外缝 fissura exterior fissurae exteries f
parallel 平行的,并行的 parallelus parallelus
parent cell 亲代细胞 cellula parentalis cellulae parentales f
partectal duct 小室管 ductus partectalis ductus partectales m
partectal ring 小室环 annulus partectalis annuli partectales m
partectum 小室 partectum partecta n
passage pore 孔道 pervium pervia n
periplekton 环唇状突 periplekton periplekta n
pervalvar axis 贯壳轴 axis pervalvaris axes pervalvares m
plicate plicatus plicatus
porellus 眼点 porcellus porcelli m
Poroid areola 孔状孔纹 areola poroides areolae poroides f
portula 间孔 portola portolae f
primary valve 初始壳面 valva prima valvae primae f
process 突起 processus processus m
pseudocellus 拟单眼 pseudocellus pseudocelli m
pseudoloculus 假结 pseudoloculus pseudoloculi m
pseudonodulus 假节 pscudonodulus pscudonoduli n
pseudoseptum 假隔膜 pseudoseptum pseudosepta n
punctate stria 点状纹 stria punctata striae punctatae f
punctum 点纹 punctum puncta n
radial 辐板 radialis radialis
radiate 放射状的 radiatus radiatus
raphe 壳缝 raphe raphes f
raphe canal 壳缝管 canalis aphis canales aphis m
raphe valve 壳缝面 raphovalva raphovalvae f
rapheless valve 无壳缝面 areovalva areovalvae f
resting spore 休眠孢子 endocyst endocystac f
resting spore 休眠孢子 cysta cystae f
rica rica ricae f
rota 环形膜 rota rotae f
satellite pore 卫星孔 porus satelllticus pori satellltici m
secondary valve 次级壳面 valva secunda valvae secundae f
segment 细裂片,节片 segmentum segmenta n
semi-endogenous resting spore 半内生休眠孢子 endocyst semiendogena endocystae semiendogenae f
semi-intercalary auxospore 半间生复大孢子 auxospora semiintercalaris auxosporae semiintercalares f
septum 隔膜,隔片 septum septa n
seta 刚毛 seta setae f
spine spina spinae f
spinule 小刺 spinula spinulae f
stauros 十字结 stauros stauri tiggilati m
stigma 柱头,眼点 stigma stigmata n
stria 壳纹 stria striae f
strutted process 支持突,支持孔道 fultoportula fultoportulae f
sulcus 沟,槽 sulcus sulci m
suture 缝,甲缝 sutura suturae f
tangential 正切状 tangential tangential
terminal area 末端区域 area terminalis areae terminales f
terminal auxospore 末端复大孢子 auxospore terminalis auxosporae terminales f
terminal fissure 末端裂隙 fissura terminalis fissurae terminales f
terminal nodule 末端小结 nodulus terminalis noduli terminales m
terminal pore 顶孔 porus terminalis pori terminales m
terminal seta 末端刚毛 seta terminalis setae terminales f
theca theca thecae f
tigillate stauros 杆状十字结 stauros tiggilatus stauri tiggilati m
tigillum 小柱 tigillum tigillum n
transapical axis 切顶轴 axis transapicalis axies transapicales m
transapical plane 切顶轴面 planities transapical planities transapicales f
valvar plane 壳平面 planities valvaris planities valvares f
valve 壳面 valva valvae f
valve face 壳面 frons frontes f
valvocopula 壳环面,壳套合部 valvocopula valvocopulae f
vegetative cell 营养细胞 cellula vegetativa cellulae vegetativae f
velum 被膜,缘膜片,孔板 velum vela n
Voigt fault 佛氏缺刻 inordinatio Voigtii inordinationes Voigtii
vola 掌状膜,分支孔板 vola volae f
wing 翼,翼瓣 ala alae f

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